Deploy MSIX with Intune

I think we can all agree that application deployment is probably the most challenging part of an Intune implementation. The wide variety of Line of Business applications and different installation types can give you sleepless nights. It’s true that Microsoft has made some real improvements in application deployment with the support for most applications extensions. But there are always some applications that simply can’t be deployed with Intune or are very hard to deploy and manage.

With the introduction of MSIX I dare to say that you can now practically deploy any application successfully with Intune. In this blog I describe how you can create and deploy an MSIX package with Microsoft Intune.  In this blog I will cover:

  • Create a Self-Signed Certificate (testing purposes)
  • Deploy a certificate with Intune
  • Create a MSIX package
  • Deploy the MSIX package

Please note that in order to install MSIX packages you must enable Application Sideloading.

Create a self-signed certificate

Before you can deploy a MSIX package you need a certificate to sign your package. The signing of a package is a required step in the creation of the package. This is necessary because this is the only way you can assure that package is valid and came from a trusted provider. Preferably you should use a Code Signing certificate from a 3rd party provider. For now I use a self-signed certificate so that the deployment can be tested, but for you production environment I wouldn’t recommend this.

To create a self-signed certificate, you can start PowerShell as an administrator from any VM. Enter the following cmd, where you replace <Your Organisation> with a name of your choosing:

New-SelfSignedCertificate -CertStoreLocation Cert:\CurrentUser\My -Subject “CN=<Your Organisation>” -KeyAlgorithm RSA -KeyLength 2048 -Provider “Microsoft Enhanced RSA and AES Cryptographic Provider” -KeyExportPolicy Exportable -KeyUsage DigitalSignature -Type CodeSigningCert
Self_Signed-Certificate

To Export the certificate open certmgr, your certificate is located in the Personal Certificates folder. Select the certificate –> all Tasks –> Export. Choose Next –> Yes, Export the private Key –> Choose Next –> For Encryption choose AES265 and enter a Password –> Enter a save location –> and choose Finish. You now have the certificate with a pfx extension.

Export Certificate

We also need a certificate with the cer extension, so run the export Wizard again. Select the certificate –> all Tasks –> Export. Choose Next –> No, do not export the private key –> Choose Next –>   Enter a save location –> and choose Finish.

You now have the certificate to sign your MSIX package and you have a certificate to distribute it via Intune.

Deploy Certificate Using Intune

Before you can install the MSIX package on any machine the certificate to sign the application must be trusted by the machine. Otherwise the application wont start. To install the certificate on the machine we can use Intune to distribute the certificate.

From the Intune Management Portal go to –> Device Configuration –> Profiles and choose Create Profile. Here you enter the name and description of the Profile. For the platform you choose Windows 10 and later, for Profile type select Trusted certificate. In the new blade you select the .cer certificate that you exported. After you created the Profile you than assign the profile to a group with has a test device in it.

Certificate_Intune

Create a MSIX Package

For this blog I wanted to package an application that I had some trouble with in the past, the Citrix Receiver.

I have copied the Citrix Receiver installation file and the pfx certificate to the packaging VM and have launched the MSIX Packaging Tool. Here I want to create a new package, so I select ‘Application Package’.

MSIX_New_Package

Select Create package on this computer and choose Next.  The packaging tool will now check some prerequisites and make sure that the drivers are installed.

MSIX_Prereqs

In the next screen select the installation file. For now, I leave the installer arguments empty. For Signing preference, I select Sign with a certificate. This step is important. If you don’t select a certificate the application won’t be able to install.

MSIX_certificate

Now provide some information for you package. Give your package a Name and a Display name. The Publisher name is provided from the certificate. The display name must be the same as the certificate, if these values don’t match the application won’t install. The installation location is not a mandatory field but is recommended.

MSIX_Information

By clicking next you will now enter the installation stage. The installation of your application will now start.  You can just run through the installation as you normally would. When the installation is completed you can continue by clicking Next.

MSIX_Citrix_Installation

If the application requires any first launch tasks, they can now be performed otherwise press Next and continue Yes, move on. The package will now be created.

MSIX_Capturing

Finally provide a save location for the package and choose Create.

MSIX_Save_Package

Deploy MSIX with Intune

Now that the MSIX package is ready we can start deploying it with Intune. Simply go to the Intune management portal –> Client apps –> Add App. Here you select Line-of-business app. Here you can upload the MSIX package you created.

MSIX_Intune

When you click the app information blade you can see that most of the information is already filled out with the information from the MSIX package. After adding the app, just wait till the application is uploaded. The final step is to assign the application to a group.

After some time check your test machine to confirm that the application is deployed.

MSIX_Installation_Conformation

Recap

As you can see the packaging and distribution of an application with MSIX and Intune is really easy. But it doesn’t stop here, after you deployed one version of the application you might want to provide the application with an update. With MSIX this process is even easier. So in my next blog I will show you can can upgrade the Citrix Receiver application to the new Citrix Workspace application!

Windows Virtual Desktop Management Tools

Windows Virtual Desktop is probably one of the most anticipated new products of Microsoft. If you haven’t heard from it, I would suggest that you start catching up ;). With the announcement of Scott Manchester GA (General Availability) just became a little bit closer.

There are plenty of blogs about how to set up a WVD tenant and sessions hosts, so I don’ want to go into detail on how to set it up. But if you have set up a WVD tenant you must have noted the lack of management tools. Or actually the absents of management tools, you can’t even find WVD in the Azure portal. Everything is managed with PowerShell, which can be a bit challenging. Microsoft did provide some management options for you but you will have to deploy them manually. They also require you to have an App service plan, which of course will cost you money, but you won’t have to use PowerShell for you management. Nevertheless I hope Microsoft will include these managements functionalities in the Azure Portal, but for now this is your best option.

WVD Management UX

The first management tool I would like to share is the WVD Management UX. The Managment UX helps you to preform basic management tasks. In here you can:

  • Create a New Host Pool
  • Add New Hosts to a Host Pool
  • Allow or block new connections to a host.(If you would like to drain the server for maintenance)
  • Create App groups. You can create App groups for Desktops or you can create App groups for RemoteApp
  • Assign permissions to App groups

Even though this may seem somewhat limited there are some extra functions you can use. However, these basic management tasks will help you a lot in doing day to day management for WVD.

WVD Management UX

If you want to use the WVD Management UX you can deploy it via the Github repository from Microsoft. The deployment will create an App service plan S1-Standard which will cost you around 70 euro/dollar each month.

WVD Diagnostics Tool

The second tool Microsoft has provided is the Diagnostics tool and it has just been released. With the introduction of WVD Microsoft also introduced some new RDS roles. We all know the Connections broker, Gateway, Session Hosts and we all know it was very hard to troubleshoot failing connections. Therefore Microsoft introduced the new Diagnotics role, which is also fully managed by Microsoft.

New Diagnostics role in WVD

Starting with the preview it was only possible to view the diagnostics using PowerShell, luckily Microsoft has made an App so you can troubleshoot using your browser. With the new Diagnostics app you can do the following:

  • Look up diagnostic activities (management, connection, or feed) for a single user over a period of one week.
  • Gather session host information for connection activities from your Log Analytics workspace.
  • Review virtual machine (VM) performance details for a particular host.
  • See which users are signed in to the session host.
  • Send message to active users on a specific session host.
  • Sign users out of a session host.

Unfortunately these functions aren’t available in the Management UX, you’ll have to deploy another application with an new app service plan. Which will cost you 70 euro/dollar extra each month, plus the additional storage for the log files. The deployment is pretty straightforward, Microsoft will guide you through the steps.

Example of diagnostics logging
Example of VM diagnostics
Here you can log off users and send them messages.

Azure Files with ACLs

Azure files is a file share as a service that you host on Azure. You can mount the file share to a server so that you get an extra file share without having to physically extend the storage of that server. This is especially handy when you want to go through the transition of moving from IAAS to SAAS. In a cloud only environment Azure files would be preferable over and VM which is configured as a file server. Azure Files is also the preferred location for saving your FSLogix profile containers, when using Windows Virtual Desktop.

All in all this sounds pretty good, but Azure files also had a downside. Azure Files had until now no support for Access Control Lists, meaning that setting more advanced permissions on files and folders was not possible. Until now! Microsoft announced the General Availability of the support of ACL’s on Azure File shares. This enables you to set advanced permissions on files and folders.

To make this work, this is what you need:

  • Set up Azure AD Domain Services
  • A Virtual Machine that is joined to Azure Active Directory Domain Services. Active Directory is not supported!
  • A Storage Account where you enable Azure Active Directory Domain Services (Azure AD DS) for the Identity-based Directory Service for Azure File Authentication
  • Set the general permissions to the share. You can compare this with the share settings in Windows.

You need Azure AD Domain Services for you authentication, since the file share make use of Kerberos authentication and your Azure AD doesn’t support Kerberos.

Azure File authentication

You can create a new storage account or use an existing storage account. All you need to do is configure Identity-based Directory Service for Azure File Authentication to Azure Active Directory Domain Services (Azure AD DS).

Set the authentication option to AADDS

Set the Access permissions on the share. You can compare this with the share settings in Windows, where you would set global share permissions and then set NTFS permissions for more detailed permissions. Microsoft introduced three new roles for this.

  • Storage File Data SMB Share Reader allows read access in Azure Storage file shares over SMB.
  • Storage File Data SMB Share Contributor allows read, write, and delete access in Azure Storage file shares over SMB.
  • Storage File Data SMB Share Elevated Contributor allows read, write, delete and modify NTFS permissions in Azure Storage file shares over SMB.

After that just mount your share to the VM and you can set permissions!

Configure Windows 10 Web sign in

With the arrival of Windows 10 1809, Microsoft introduced a new way to sign in to your PC. Besides a pin, password or biometric authentication they introduced Web-sign in . This feature enables Windows logon support for identity provides like SAML. Web sign-in enables you to set multifactor authentication before signing in to Windows. Even though you cannot set the Web-sign-in as the default authentication method yet, I’m sure that this will become possible in the future.

In this blog I will show you how to enable Web sign-in, using Intune. This is what you need:

  • A test device with Windows 10 1809.
  • The test device needs to be Azure AD Joined.
  • An Azure AD group with the test device as member.
  • An Intune license assigned to a user. I’m using a test user with an EMS E5 License, but any Intune license will do.

To enable Web sign-in you will need to create a Device configuration Profile. So, sign into the Azure Portal and go to the Intune blade, where you select “Device Configuration” and “Profiles”.

Click “Create Profile”. Enter a name and for Platform choose Windows 10 and later. For Profile Type you will need to select Custom.

At the OMA-URI Settings click add and enter the following values (reference link):

Name: Web Sign In
OMA-URI: ./Device/Vendor/MSFT/Policy/Config/Authentication/EnableWebSignIn
Data Type: Integer
Value: 1

Click OK and click OK at the OMA-URI settings, finally choose create. The policy is now created.

Now you will need to assign the policy to a group with your test device(s).

Testing the policy

Wait before the policy is applied to your test machine. This could take a while but try to reboot your test device occasionally this could help. After you see the policy is applied you can go to the logon screen of your device. If you choose Sign-in options, you should see a new icon for Web sign-in.

Select the Icon and choose Sign in. This will take you to the web sign-in page of Microsoft where you need to authenticate with your password. If you require MFA there will also be an MFA challenge at this point.

When you passes the MFA challenge the user will be signed in.

I think this feature has a lot of potential. I often get the question whether it is possible to enable MFA for Windows. However the feature is not ready yet. I find the sign in process slow if you are used to a pin or facial recognition. Further more Web sign-in is not supported in the Multi Factor Unlock feature with Windows Hello For Business.

Enabling Microsoft teams for Microsoft 365 F1 users

Recently I had to implement the Microsoft 365 F1 plan for a case. The idea was to first create a demo so that I could show the different features. One of the things I wanted to show was Microsoft Teams. So, I created a couple of test users and assigned them licenses. Some got the Microsoft 365 F1 license, others got an E3 license. I wanted to create some teams and assign members to the teams. Everything went well until I used a Microsoft 365 F1 user to log in to teams.microsoft.com. Suddenly I got the message: You’re missing out! Ask your admin to enable Microsoft Teams for

This was unexpected for me since I already made some teams successfully using accounts which had an E3 license. Furthermore, Microsoft Teams is available for F1 users. After some searching it became clear to me that you must enable Teams for F1 users.

This is how you enable Teams for Microsoft 365 F1 users (please note that the Teams admin center is being moved to the new Microsoft Teams & Skype for Business admin center.  So, things could have changed):

Log in to admin center and go to Settings and select Services & add-ins.

Select Microsoft Teams.

 

Under Settings by User/License type use the drop-down menu to select Deskless Worker (Kiosk).

Here you can turn on Microsoft Teams

After enabling Teams for Deskless Worker (kiosk) the user with the Microsoft 365 F1 license could open.

Office 365 Proplus 2019 not suppoted in 2019 VDI environments

EDIT: Microsoft announced that Office ProPlus will be supported on Windows Server 2019  
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/blog/2019/07/01/improving-office-app-experience-virtual-environments/

One of the biggest announcements of Ignite was the Windows Virtual Desktop. There have been many articles about this new product, and it looks very promising. It enables a full Windows 10 desktop environment which is, among other things, optimized for Office Pro Plus. Microsoft is really committing towards this new product, which means that support of other environments decreases.

In the presentation of Sandeep Patnaik and Gama Aguilar-Gamez they talked about Office 365 ProPlus deployments in persistent and non-persistent virtualized environments. One of the announcements they made, was that Office 365 ProPlus 2019 will not be supported on Windows server 2019. So, if you plan to update your RDS environment to Windows server 2019 and plan to use Office 365 ProPlus 2019 Licenses you might want to think again.

Office 365 2019 ProPlus support matrix

You will be able to install the perpetual version of Office 2019 on Windows server 2019. However, you will not get all the nice features of Office 2019 as you will get with Office 365 ProPlus 2019. So, if you want to use Office 365 ProPlus 2019 on an virtual environment you must move over to Windows Virtual Desktop, or stay at Windows server 2016 which will be fully supported till 2025.

Remove User from all online groups

Recently I needed to get an overview of the group memerships for an user. More specifically the group memberships of all the online groups. I figured that it probably pretty easy to get an overview since for Active Directory you can use Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership. So I my guess was that there would be a similar command for the online groups, something like Get-MsolPrincipalGroupMembership or maybe Get-AzureADPrinicpalGroupMembership. To my surprise it turned out that there is no similar command for Get-AdPrincipalGroupMembership for online groups.

Either way I still needed the overview and to remove to user from all of its groups. So I created a PowerShell script to scan all the groups for that user. If the user was a member in the group it would be removed.

I wanted to share the script since I think it can come in handy in a lot of occasions. So I put in a little bit of extra effort to create a script that can provide an overview of all the groups and remove the groups.

You can download the script here.

Before you can use the script you will need to connect to Exchange online.

You can use .\REMOVE-User-From-Online-Groups.ps1 -UserPrincipalName “example@domain.com” to get an overview of all the groups that the user is a member of.

If you want to remove the user from all those groups you can use .\REMOVE-User-From-Online-Groups.ps1 -UserPrincipalName “example@domain.com” -Remove $true

If you have any questions about the script please leave a comment.

&lt;#
.SYNOPSIS
This script will output all de distribtion and security groups a user is member of.
With the switch -Remove the script will remove the user from those groups.

.NOTES
Author: Stephan van de Kruis
First Creation Date: 2018-02-04
.EXAMPLE
.\REMOVE-User-From-Online-Groups.ps1 -UserPrincipalName "example@domain.com"
.\REMOVE-User-From-Online-Groups.ps1 -UserPrincipalName "example@domain.com" -Remove $true

.PARAMETER UserPrincipalName
The UserPrincipalName of a user (e.g. 'example@domain.com')

#&gt;

[CmdLetBinding()]
param(
[Parameter(Mandatory = $true)]
[String]$UserPrincipalName,

[Parameter(Mandatory = $false)]
[boolean]$Remove = $true
)

####
#Look for user in distribution and security groups
####

if(!$Remove){
try {
$OnlineUser = Get-MsolUser -UserPrincipalName $UserPrincipalName
$DistributionGroups = Get-DistributionGroup -ResultSize 5000 | Where-Object {$_.IsDirSynced -eq $False}

foreach ($DistributionGroup in $DistributionGroups) {
if(Get-DistributionGroupMember -Identity $DistributionGroup.Name | Where-Object PrimarySmtpAddress -eq $UserPrincipalName) {
Write-Output "Info: Found $($OnlineUser.DisplayName) in group $($DistributionGroup.Name)"
}
}
}
catch {
Write-Output "An error occurred"
Write-Output $_.Exception.Message
}

try {
$SecurityGroups = Get-MsolGroup -GroupType Security -MaxResults 5000 | Where-Object {$_.LastDirSyncTime -eq $null}

foreach ($SecurityGroup in $SecurityGroups){
if (Get-MsolGroupMember -GroupObjectId $SecurityGroup.ObjectId | Where-Object ObjectId -eq $OnlineUser.ObjectId ){
Write-Output "Info: Found $($OnlineUser.DisplayName) in group $($DistributionGroup.Name)"
}
}
}
catch {
Write-Output "An error occurred"
Write-Output $_.Exception.Message
}
}

####
#Removing user from distribition and security groups
####
if($Remove){

try {
$OnlineUser = Get-MsolUser -UserPrincipalName $UserPrincipalName
$DistributionGroups = Get-DistributionGroup -ResultSize 5000 | Where-Object {$_.IsDirSynced -eq $False}

foreach ($DistributionGroup in $DistributionGroups) {
if(Get-DistributionGroupMember -Identity $DistributionGroup.Name | Where-Object PrimarySmtpAddress -eq $UserPrincipalName) {
Remove-DistributionGroupMember -Identity $DistributionGroup.Name -Member $OnlineUser.UserPrincipalName -BypassSecurityGroupManagerCheck -Confirm:$false
Write-Output "Info: $($OnlineUser.DisplayName) removed from the online group $($DistributionGroup.Name)"
}
}
}
catch {
Write-Output "Error: Removing the user from the distribution group failed"
Write-Output $_.Exception.Message
}

try {
$SecurityGroups = Get-MsolGroup -GroupType Security -MaxResults 5000 | Where-Object {$_.LastDirSyncTime -eq $null}

foreach ($SecurityGroup in $SecurityGroups){
if (Get-MsolGroupMember -GroupObjectId $SecurityGroup.ObjectId | Where-Object ObjectId -eq $OnlineUser.ObjectId ){
Remove-MsolGroupMember -GroupObjectId $SecurityGroup.ObjectId -GroupMemberObjectId $OnlineUser.ObjectId -GroupMemberType User
Write-Output "Info: $($OnlineUser.DisplayName) removed from online group $($Securitygroup.DisplayName)"
}
}
}
catch {
Write-Output "Error: Removing the user from the security groups failed"
Write-Output $_.Exception.Message
}
}

Office 365: Let users assign permissions for shared mailboxes

Sometimes it’s just more time effective to give the user some extra control. It can be very time consuming to assign the proper rights to shared mailboxes. There is always somebody who needs access en somebody who doesn’t need it any more. The service desk can get a lot of requests. These requests have have to be approved by somebody, and then the request has to be executed. It might be a lot simpler to assigning an owner to the mailbox which can handle the request themselves, and assign the proper rights.

Now in Active Directory you could assign managers to security group which could then edit the group membership. In Office 365 this is a little bit harder to do, but it is possible. In this blog post I will explain how this can be accomplished.

Continue reading “Office 365: Let users assign permissions for shared mailboxes”

Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 3

In Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 1 a Gitlab server was installed and some basic settings were applied. In Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 2  a SSL certificate was added so that HTTPS traffic could be used. In this third and final part I will start with what I intended to do; namely deploying a simple web page from Gitlab to an Azure Web App. More specific using a private Git repository so that the “code” will be safe. In short this is what’s going to happen:
1. Create a new project in Gitlab
2. Create a new App service
3. Connecting Gitlab with Azure
4. Connecting Azure with Gitlab
5. Configuring triggers or Webhooks

So creating a new project is pretty easy. Just hit the New Project button and give your project a name. I want to use a private project so that I know nobody can access the resources.

So create the new project and then we can start uploading some basic content. I like to use Visual Studio Code for this. Gitlab is kind enough to provide you with all the necessary commands to get started. These can be found at the project starting page.

git clone https://gitlab.stephanvdkruis.com/root/example-project.git
cd example-project
touch README.md
git add README.md
git commit -m "add README"
git push -u origin master

Continue reading “Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 3”

Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 2

So in Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 1 the Gitlab server was deployed and the url was changed by using an ssh connection.

In the second part I wanted to share how to implement a SSL certificate into your Gitlab server so you can have a secure connection. Please note that I bought a certificate for my sub domain. There is also documentation available on Gitlab, but I will show every step I took to accomplish this. Furthermore I came across some issues synchronizing Gitlab with my local PC. This was caused by not having the appropriate Root Certificates on the Gitlab server, however this was not explained in the Gitlab documentation.

Getting started

OK so you will need your key and .crt file. These files will be copied to Gitlab. If you enable HTTPS on your Gitlab server, Gitlab will check the /etc/gitlab/ssl/ directory for the key and certificate. This directory does not exist by default so this has to be created by running

sudo mkdir -p /etc/gitlab/ssl
sudo chmod 700 /etc/gitlab/ssl
cd /etc/gitlab/ssl/

Continue reading “Deploy a Azure Web App using Gitlab – Part 2”